In the interests of keeping costs down we only print copies for contributors. Print-on-demand of hardcopy back issues are, however, available at $25 per issue plus approximately CA$14 in postage (North America; elsewhere postage is about CA$24 for a standard weighted issue). But if you would like a hardcopy please place your order via the Managing Editor.

Creative Commons License Cosmos + Taxis is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Issue 1:1

Introduction David Emanuel Andersson

Outlining a New Paradigm Gus diZerega

Spontaneous Orders and the Emergence of Economically Powerful Cities Johanna Palmberg

Rules of Spontaneous Order Jason Potts

Computable Cosmos Eric M. Scheffel

Comments on Palmberg, Potts, and Scheffel Gus diZerega

Issue 1:2

Quality, quantity, granularity, and thresholds of emergence Frederick Turner

Two different theories of two distinct spontaneous phenomena: orders of actions and evolution of institutions in Hayek Stefano Moroni

Hayek on Nomocracy and Teleocracy: a critical assessment Chor-yung Cheung

Guiding the invisible hand: spontaneous orders and the problem of character Lauren K. Hall

Spontaneous order theory in a Heideggerian context Joseph Isaac Lifshitz

Issue 1:3

Editorial Note Gene Callahan and Leslie Marsh

The Critique of Rationalism and the Defense of Individuality: Oakeshott and Hayek Chor-Yung Cheung

Jane Jacobs’ Critique of Rationalism in Urban Planning Gene Callahan and Sanford Ikeda

Oakeshott on Modernity and the Crisis of Political Legitimacy in Contemporary Western Liberal Democracy Noël O’sullivan

Oakeshott and the Complex Ecology of the Moral Life Kevin Williams

Homo Ludens and Civil Association: The Sublime Nature of Michael Oakeshott’s Civil Condition Thomas J. Cheeseman

The Instrumental Idiom in American Politics: The ‘City on the Hill’ as a Spontaneous Order Corey Abel

Dogmatomachy: Ideological Warfare David D. Corey

Oakeshott on the Rule of Law: A Defense Stephen Turner

Issue 2:1

Innovation is a spontaneous order Jason Potts

Bringing order to emergent order: The Importance of Highway Patrol Troopers Shawn Peppers

Dispersed knowledge and individual freedom: the forgotten popular political economy of Thomas Hodgskin Alberto Mingardi

If not left-libertarianism, then what? A fourth way out of the dilemma facing libertarianism Laurent Dobuzinskis

Paradoxes of freedom: civil society, the market and capitalism Gus diZerega

Issue 2:2

Orders, Orders, Everywhere … On Hayek’s The Market and other Orders Paul Lewis and Peter Lewin

General Disequilibrium: the Hidden Conflict between Fractional Reserve Banking and Economic Theory Jacky Mallett

Currency Emergence in Absence of State Influence: The Case of Diablo II Alexander William Salter and Solomon Stein

Issue 2:3

Introduction to a Symposium on Jack Russell Weinstein’s Adam Smith’s Pluralism: Rationality, Education And The Moral Sentiments  Nathaniel Wolloch

Context-dependent Normativity and Universal Rules of Justice María Alejandra Carrasco

“… but one of the multitude”. Justice, Pluralism and Rationality in Smith and Weinstein… Lisa Herzog

The Dynamics of Sympathy and the Challenge of Creating New Commonalities Dionysis Drosos

The “Spectator” and the Impartial Spectator in Adam Smith’s Pluralism Spiros Tegos

Was Adam Smith an Optimist? Maria Pia Paganelli

The Political Hypotheses of Adam Smith’s Pluralism: A response to my commentators Jack Russell Weinstein

Issue 3:1

The Pluralism of the Emergent-Order Paradigm David Emanuel Andersson

Cooperation over Coercion: The Importance of Unsupervised Childhood Play for Democracy and Liberalism Steve Horwitz

Not Simply Construction: Exploring the Darker Side of Taxis Gus DiZerega

Response to Callahan on Deductive Libertarianism Walter Block

Response to Block Gene Callahan

Libertarian Preferences: A Comment on Callahan and Block Marek Hudik

Issue 3:2+3:3

Introduction: Methodological Individualism, Structural Constraints, and Social Complexity Francesco di Iorio Cultural Evolution, Group Selection, and Methodological Individualism Robert Nadeau Social Research between the Use and Abuse of Reason Dario Antiseri Complex Methodological Individualism Jean Petitot The Opposition between Individual Autonomy and Social Determinism: A Controversy by Now Settled? Proposals and Approaches of Social Research Albertina Oliverio Models of Human Action Peter Boettke and Vipin Veetil Herbert Spencer and Friedrich Hayek: Two Parallel Theories Enzo di Nuoscio The Identity of the economic Agent – Seen from a Mengerian Point of View in a Philosophical and Historical Context Gilles Campagnolo Metaphysical Models of Man in Economics Jack Birner Cognitive Biases: Between Nature and Culture Gérald Bronner States, Statistical Groups, Individuals, and Other Groups Paul Dumouchel

Issue 4:1

Polanyi, Hayek, and Adaptive Systems Theory William N. Butos and Thomas J. McQuade

Emergent orders of worth: Must we agree on more than a price? Erwin Dekker and Pavel Kuchař

Rejoinder to Callahan and Hudik on libertarian principles Walter Block

Reviews

Matt Ridley: The Evolution of Everything: How New Ideas Emerge Troy Camplin

Issue 4:2+3

Special Issue on Jane Jacobs Sanford Ikeda Jane Jacobs as Spontaneous Economic Order Methodologist: Part 1: Intellectual Apprenticeship Pierre Desrochers and Joanna Szurmak Jane Jacobs as Spontaneous Economic Order Methodologist: Part 2: Metaphors and Methods Joanna Szurmak and Pierre Desrochers Experimenting in Urban Self-organization: Framework-rules and emerging orders in Oosterwold  Stefano Cozzolino, Edwin Buitelaar, Stefano Moroni, and Niels Sorel Modern Cities as Spontaneous Orders Wendell Cox and Peter Gordon NIMBYs as Mercantilists  Emily Hamilton A City Cannot be a Work of Art Sanford Ikeda The State of Indian Cities  Shruti Rajagopalan The Kind of Problem Gentrification Is: The Case of New York  Francis Morrone

Reviews

The Accidental City: Improvising New Orleans by Lawrence N. Powell Leslie Marsh

Issue 4:4

Social Orders: A Foreword from the Editors Gloria Zúñiga y Postigo and Gerald J. Erion

Biography of Barry Smith Sandra Smith Briefly, on Brevity Gerald J. Erion What Is It Like to Be Barry Smith? Wolfgang Grassl BFO and DOLCE: So Far, So Close… Nicola Guarino Logic and Ontology John T. Kearns On Not Being Influenced by Barry Smith’s Ontologism Rudolf Lüthe Minimal Aristotelian Ontology Luc Schneider Barry Smith and His Influence On (Not Only, But Mainly My) Philosophy Peter Simons The Liar, the Truth-Teller, and Barry Smith Wojciech Żełaniec Necessity and Truth Makers Jan Woleński The Church of Sunk Costs Gloria Zúñiga y Postigo Trouble Up at t’Ontological Mill: An Inconclusive Dialog A Whimsical Postscript in Ontological Folklore Peter Simons Appendix: Publications by Barry Smith

Issue 5:1

Introduction: Jazz as a Spontaneous Order David Hardwick and Leslie Marsh From the prescriptive model to the informative model: Formula and forms of creativity in jazz improvisation Roberto Zanetti Teaching Jazz Stefano Ferrian Shaping and Being Shaped: Jazz as a Way to Understand Human/Environment Interaction Troy Camplin and Kevin Currie-Knight Improvising Creation: God, Evolution, and Jazz Michael Granado

Issue 5:2

Introduction to Symposium on Gerald Gaus’ The Tyranny of the Ideal Ryan Muldoon The Imperative of Complexity Scott E. Page The Tyranny of a Metaphor David Wiens How Can We do Political Philosophy? Fred D’Agostino Public Reason in the Open Society Kevin Vallier The Tyranny—or the Democracy—of the Ideal? Blain Neufeld and Lori Watson Political Philosophy as the Study of Complex Normative Systems Gerald Gaus

Issue 5:3+4

Civil Society as a Complex Adaptive Phenomenon Mikayla Novak

Reconsidering Urban Spontaneity and Flexibility after Jane Jacobs: How do they work under different kinds of planning conditions? Stefano Cozzolino

Cities, Agriculture, and Economic Development: The Debate over Jane Jacobs’s ‘Cities-First Thesis’ Sanford Ikeda Detecting and Directing Emergent Urban Systems: a Multi-Scale Approach Elena Porqueddu Connecting the Dots: Hayek, Darwin, and Ecology Gus diZerega The Role of Spontaneous Order in Video Games: A Case Study of Destiny William Gordon Miller

Reviews

The Infidel and the Professor: David Hume, Adam Smith, and the Friendship that Shaped Modern Thought by Dennis C. Rasmussen Gordon Graham Legislating Instability: Adam Smith, Free Banking, and the Financial Crisis of 1772 by Tyler Beck Goodspeed Pablo Paniagua National Economic Planning: What Is Left? by Don Lavoie Pablo Paniagua Envisioning Real Utopias by Erik Olin Wright David Ellerman Cognitive Autonomy and Methodological Individualism: The Interpretative Foundations of Social Life by Francesco Di Iorio Gabriele Ciampini

Issue 6:1+2

Equilibrium Analysis: Two Austrian Views Marek Hudík Go with the Flow: An Emergent, Free Banking Perspective on Stabilizing Nominal Spending Scott Burns Liberty in Education: An Application of Hayek and Humboldt’s Perspectives Inês Gregório Benedetto Croce as an Economist Ivan Jankovic The Method of Antinomies: Oakeshott and Others Stephen Turner

Reviews

A Road to Nowhere: The Idea of Progress and its Critics by Matthew W. Slaboch David A. Eisenberg Defending Civil Society: The Viennese Students of Civilization: the Meaning and Context of Austrian Economics Reconsidered by Erwin Dekker Robert F. Mulligan Kirzner’s Economics of Entrepreneurship: Competition, Economic Planning, and the Knowledge Problem by Israel Kirzner Robert F. Mulligan The Tribe: The Liberal-Left and the System of Diversity by Ben Cobley Mikayla Novak Pope Francis and the Caring Society by Robert M. Whaples (ed.) Clara E. Jace

Issue 6:3+4

Editorial Introduction to a Symposium on Roger Scruton’s Conservatism—An Invitation to the Great Tradition Martin Beckstein Conservatism: Empirical or Metaphysical?  Eno Trimçev Conservatism, Value and Social Philosophy  Kevin Mulligan Roger Scruton on the Prehistory of Liberalism  David D. Corey The Toryism of exile: Culture, Politics and the Quest for ‘home’ in Sir Roger Scruton’s Elegiac Conservatism Noël O’Sullivan Conservatism Then and Now Kieron O’Hara Scruton on Conservatism in Germany and France Efraim Podoksik Will the Real Conservatives Please Stand Up Nicholas Capaldi Anglo-Canadian Toryism and Anglo-American Conservatism: A Dialogue with Roger Scruton Ron Dart The Forked Road: Scruton, Grant and the Conservative Critique of Liberalism  Nathan Robert Cockram Diachronic Identity: Intimations, Perturbations, Antifragility and Toleration Leslie Marsh A Reply  Sir Roger Scruton

Issue 6:5

Introduction to Symposium on Mikayla Novak’s Inequality: An Entangled Political Economy Perspective Brendan Markey-Towler

Entangled Inequalities: Even More Complex than We are Led to Believe? Laurent Dobuzinskis Inequality, (Transaction) Costs & Choice Vincent Geloso Some Thoughts on Inequality from a Classical Liberal Perspective Steve Horwitz Inequality, Entanglement, and Entrepreneurship—the Role of Voluntary and Forced Investors Marta Podemska-Mikluch Inequality within a system of entangled political economy: Reflections on Mikayla Novak’s disentanglement of fact and value Richard E. Wagner Reflecting upon Inequality: An Entangled Political Economy Perspective Mikayla Novak

Issue 6:6+7

ARTICLES

Organization, Anticipation, and Closure in Markets and Science Thomas J. McQuade

A Critique of Capitalism, from an Austrian Perspective Gus diZerega

SPECIAL SECTION

25 years since the death of Karl Popper Danny Frederick

  • Identity Politics, Irrationalism, and Totalitarianism: Karl Popper and the contemporary malaise
  • The Relevance of Karl Popper’s Open Society
  • O’Hear on Popper, Criticism and the Open Society
  • A Regimented and Concise Exposition of Karl Popper’s Critical Rationalist Epistemology

REVIEWS

Darwinism As Religion: What Literature Tells Us About Evolution by Michael Ruse Troy Camplin

This View of Life: Completing the Darwinian Revolution by David Sloan Wilson Troy Camplin

The Model Thinker by Scott E. Page Ted G. Lewis

The Anglo-American Tradition of Liberty: A View From Europe by João Carlos Espada Corey Abel

WALL•E Anton Chamberlin & Walter E. Block

Issue 7:1+2

Preface to a Symposium on Roger Koppl’s Expert Failure William N. Butos

An Introduction to Expert Failure: Lessons in Socioeconomic Epistemics from a Deeply Embedded Method of Analysis Giampaolo Garzarelli & Lorenzo Infantino

Expert Failure and The Intellectual Crisis of American Public Administration: How The “Fatal Conceit” Continues to Threaten Liberal Democracy Peter J. Boettke

Epistemics, Experts, and Adaptive Systems William N. Butos

Approaching the Singularity Behind the Veil of Incomputability: On Algorithmic Governance, the Economist-as-Expert, and the Piecemeal Circumnavigation of the Administrative State Abigail Devereaux

Expertise, the Administrative State, and Corporate Governance: a Comment on Koppl Richard N. Langlois

Ignorance and the Incentive Structure confronting Policymakers Scott Scheall

Massive Error Stephen Turner

Arrogance and Humility in the Governance of Human Interaction: A Reflection on Roger Koppl’s Expert Failure Richard E. Wagner

A Peircean Perspective on Koppl’s Expert Failure James R. Wible

Response Paper Roger Koppl

Issue 7:3+4

ARTICLES

Democracies are Spontaneous Orders, not States, and Why It is Important Gus diZerega

Henry Adams’ Philosophy of History: The Study of Force, Motion, and Modernity Nayeli L. Riano

REVIEWS

The Oxford Handbook of Carl Schmitt — Christopher Adair-Toteff

Learning from Franz L. Neumann. Law, Theory and the Brute Facts of Political Life — Christopher Adair-Toteff

John Ruskin’s Politics of Natural Law: An Intellectual Biography — Alexander S. Rosenthal

Right Turns on the Pathway of Life Walk Away: When the Political Left Turns Right — Michael Wagner

Complex Adaptive Systems: Views from the Physical, Natural, and Social Sciences — Ted G. Lewis

Issue 7:5+6

Symposium on Peter Boettke’s F. A. Hayek: Economics, Political Economy and Social Philosophy

Introduction Mikayla Novak

A Galbraithian Perspective on Epistemic Institutionalism and True Liberalism Ted Burczak

Hayek’s Appreciative Theory and Social Justice Nick Cowen

Before Kahneman and Tversky, There Was Friedrich Hayek Roger Frantz

A Branch on the Mainline: Hayek’s Analysis of Complex Adaptive Systems Gerald Gaus

F. A. Hayek, Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft, Globalization and Digitalization Stefan Kolev

Epistemic Institutionalism: Rules and Order, Complexity, and Liberalism Paul Lewis

You Can Take Hayek Out of Vienna . . .  Adam Martin

Two Contrasting Views of People and Institutions in the Philosophical Anthropologies of Hayek and Marx David L. Prychitko

A Problem of Knowledge for Hayek Jeremy Shearmur

Response Peter Boettke

Issue 8:1

Symposium on Jesse Norman’s Adam Smith: What He Thought, and Why it Matters

Introduction Gordon Graham

Jesse Norman’s Adam Smith: Tensions and Resolutions Douglas Den Uyl

Adam Smith and Crony Capitalism Ryan Patrick Hanley

Adam Smith and Allegiance to Commercial Society Colin Heydt

Dynamism in Smith’s Moral Theory John McHugh

Markets Natural and Artificial in Adam Smith James R. Otteson

Jesse Norman’s Adam Smith: Crony Capitalism vs Open Borders Maria Pia Paganelli

Commercialisation and the Big Society in Jesse Norman’s Adam Smith Craig Smith

A Response Jesse Norman

Issue 8:2+3

Articles

The Financial Idea Trap: Bad Ideas, Bad Learning, and Bad Policies after the Great Financial Crisis Alexandra L. Mussler and Nikolai G. Wenzel

The Liberal Defense of Immigration Control Danny Frederick

The Highway to Serfdom Gus diZerega

Reviews

Oakeshott and the Cambridge School: Review of Michael Oakeshott and the Cambridge School on the History of Political Thought by Martyn P. Thompson James Alexander

Max Weber: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow: The Oxford Handbook of Max Weber Christopher Adair-Toteff

Monetary Equilibrium and Nominal Income Targeting by Nicolás Cachanosky Pablo Paniagua

The Routledge Companion to Literature and Economics Troy Camplin

Issue 8:4+5/6+7 (Part 1 — Part II)

Philosophy, The World, Life, and The Law: In Honour of Susan Haack

Foreword: An Immense and Enduring Contribution Justice Russell Brown

Editor’s Introduction Mark Migotti

From There to Here: Fifty-Plus Years of Philosophy with Susan Haack Mark Migotti

PHILOSOPHY AND HOW WE GO ABOUT IT

Susan Haack’s Pragmatism as a Multi-faceted Philosophy Jaime Nubiola

Metaphysics, Religion, and Death: or, We’ll Always Have Paris Rosa Maria Mayorga

Naturalism, Innocent Realism, and Haack’s Subtle Art of Balancing Philosophy Sofia Inês Albornoz Stein and Adriano Naves de Brito

Learning From Fiction: A Foundherentist Approach Meggan Padvorac

THE WORLD AND HOW WE UNDERSTAND IT

Truth as Representation, Not Will: How Peirce’s Modest Correspondence Theory Can Complement Haack’s Innocent Realism Robert Lane

Perception, Abduction, and Foundherentism Aaron Wilson

Blocking Inquiry in the Name of Science: The Dispute About Nothing Cornelis de Waal

OUR LIVES AND HOW WE LIVE THEM

Haack Among the Feminists: Or, Where are the Women? Tim Crowley

William James On The Meaningful Life Iddo Landau

Susan Haack on How to Regain the Faith To Do Philosophy Rubén Sampieri-Cabál

THE LAW AND HOW WE USE IT

Reflections on Truth in Law Brian Bix

What Is Foundherentism? And What Can It Contribute to The Theory of Evidence in The Law? Daniel Gonzáles-Lagier

Proof Beyond Any Reasonable Doubt? Or Beyond Some Reasonable Doubt? Orión Vargas Vélez

The Relevance of Susan Haack’s Epistemology to Evidence Law in Latin America Andrea Merio and Mario Chaumet

TESTIMONIALS AND TRIBUTES

To Susan Haack Kiriaki Xerohemna

For Susan Haack Jordi Ferrer and Carmen Vásquez

How to be a Good Haacker Bartosz Brożek

Preposterism vs. The Pursuit of Truth Ana Luisa Ponce Miotti

On Pineapples, Puzzles and Real-Life Philosophy Vitor de Paula Ramos

Not Only Words Rachel Herdy

Susan Haack: A Passionate Moderate Leslie Marsh

Not One of the Boys: Memoirs of an Academic Misfit Susan Haack

Issue 8:8+9

Spontaneous Urban Planning at the Intersection of Markets, Democracy and Science

Editorial

Urban Planning in the Spontaneous City David Emanuel Andersson

Milestones Leslie Marsh

Articles

Agglomeration near and far: San Francisco and Los Angeles metropolitan areas Peter Gordon and John Cho

Urban Diversity and Cohesion: A Jacobsian Solution Sanford Ikeda

Cellular Democracy as a Necessary Condition for Completely Spontaneous Urban Planning and Order Fred Foldvary and Luca Minola

Informal Transportation and Emergent Orders in the Latin American Context: Towards a New Conceptualization of Urban Planning in the Global South Luis Hernando Lozano-Paredes

Exit, voice, and forking Alistair Berg and Chris Berg

Justice in the City: Georgist Insights and their Limits Laurent Dobuzinskis

Can a Village Be Run Like a Firm?: The Case of Collective Villages in China Marek Hudik

The cryptoeconomics of cities, data and space Darcy Allen, Chris Berg, Kiersten Jowett, Mikayla Novak, and Jason Potts

Issue 8:10+11

Editorial

A New Dawn David F. Hardwick

Articles

A Conjectural History of Liberalism James Alexander

Ecology, Markets and Capitalism: The Challenge of Sustainability Gus DiZerega

Complex Phenomena and the Superior Power of Negative Rules of Order Walter B. Weimer

The Pretense of Knowledge: On the Insidious Presumptions of Artificial Intelligence

Jordan Ott

Reviews

Primitivism, Eschatology, and the Politics of Time. Review of Out of Joint: Power, Crisis, and the Rhetoric of Time by Nomi Claire Lazar  Eno Trimçev

Max Weber’s Economic Sociology. Review of Tribe’s Translation of “Part One” of Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft Christopher Adair-Toteff

A Political Philosophy of Conservatism: Prudence, Moderation and Tradition by Ferenc Hörcher Gene Callahan

Michael Oakeshott and the Conversation of Modern Political Thought by Luke Philip Plotica P. E. Digeser

Humane Economics: Essays in Honor of Don Lavoie James J. Risser

Issue 8:12

Symposium on Brian A. Smith’s Walker Percy and the Politics of the Wayfarer

Editorial Introduction Leslie Marsh Brian Smith on How Our Search for “Fugitive Perfection” Subverts Our Real Communities in Favor of the Imaginary in Walker Percy’s Political Thought Elizabeth Amato Brian A. Smith’s Hayekian Walker Percy Allen Mendenhall The Wayfarer and the Church Farrell O’Gorman More Than a Diagnostician Jessica Hooten Wilson Reply to respondents Brian Smith

Article

What Can We Learn from Michael Oakeshott’s Effort to Understand Our World? Timothy Fuller

Review

Revolution and Resignation: Ernst Troeltsch’s Correspondence 1918-1923 Christopher Adair-Toteff